We don’t have vacuum cleaners too long now - a hundred and some years and today they are part of almost every household. Here is how vacuum cleaners came to be:
: Daniel Hess of West Union, Iowa, invented a carpet sweeper, a predecessor of vacuum cleaner, which had a rotating brush and bellows which generated
suction but it was never mass produced.
: Ives W. McGaffey invented his ”Whirlwind”, a cleaner that had a hand-operated fan that although awkward to operate, sold better than Hess’ carpet sweeper
(but not much better.)
: “Grand Rapids” were invented - a carpet sweeper that had brushes connected to wheels and when sweeper moves brushes rotate and clean the floor. Inventor
of “Grand Rapids” was Melville R. Bissell.
: John S. Thurman of St. Louis, Missouri, invented a "pneumatic carpet renovator" which was gasoline powered and blow the air to clean the dust instead of
: Corinne Dufour improves carpet sweeper by powering it with electricity and covering the rollers with sponge which were moistened with water to better
collect the dust.
: Hubert Cecil Booth from England invented the first motorized vacuum cleaner driven by an internal combustion engine. It was placed on the horse carriage
because of its size.
: Invented the first vacuum-cleaning device that could be carried without aid. It was invented by Walter Griffiths.
: James B. Kirby invented a "Domestic Cyclone"- a vacuum cleaner that used water to collect dirt.
: The first motorized, portable vacuum cleaner invented by James Murray Spangler, a janitor from Canton, Ohio. It had electric fan, a box, and a pillowcase
to collect dust. He later sold the patent to William Henry Hoover.
: Founded Eureka Vacuum Company by Fred Wardell, businessman from Detroit.
: Charles Beach and Frederick Osius, and Louis Hamilton, invented a small motor that could ran on either AC or DC electrical power and which will later
power many vacuum cleaners and make them smaller.
: Jim Kirby agreed to become a main designer of vacuum cleaners for George Scott and Carl Fetzer.
: Air-Way Sanitizor of Toledo, Ohio starts to manufacture vacuum cleaners with a disposable bag and was the first to do so.
: The first vacuum cleaner with metal sleds instead of wheels was invented (Lux V) which becomes a sort of a standard.
: Hoover invented a “beater bar” (marketed as “Positive Agitation”). It’s a metal bar attached to the rotating brush roll in the floor nozzle and it
vibrates the carpet while sucking which removes dirt more efficiently.
: The first model of vacuum cleaner made of plastic appears on the market.
: The first vacuum cleaner by Scott and Fetzer to carry Kirby's name appeared in shops this year. It was the Kirby Model C.
: The first upright vacuum cleaners appear in production.
: The first hovercraft vacuum cleaner made by Hoover. It doesn’t have wheels but it floats on its own exhausts.
: In this year David Oreck started making industrial strength upright vacuum cleaners but which have reduced weight and are easier to use.
: The first self-propelled vacuums were made by Hoover.
: James Dyson starts experimenting with bagless vacuum cleaners. Until 1993 he built over 5000 prototypes and finally made his Dual Cyclone machine.
: Black & Decker starts selling small cordless vacuum cleaner that works on batteries.
: Year of the first robotic cleaner: Electrolux’s Trilobite. It appeared for the first time at BBC’s Tomorrow’s World.
: iRobot makes Roomba: a disc-shaped vacuum cleaner with AI and sensors that cleans the room without human involvement.
: Jake Tyler from Britain invents cardboard vacuum cleaner.